It may have both an anti-spirochaete activity and an anti-inflammatory activity, similar to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. And caution is required if patients have certain heart conditions, diabetes, psoriasis etc. Can plaquenil help with hairloss Hydroxychloroquine cause ulcer PLAQUENIL hydroxychloroquine sulfate tablets is indicated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus, in patients who have not responded satisfactorily to drugs with less potential for serious side effects. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Pharmacokinetics of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine during treatment of rheumatic diseases. Furst DE1. Author information 1Arthritis Clinic Research Unit, Virginia, Mason Arthritis Clinic Research, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. Hydroxychloroquine HCQ and chloroquine CQ are well absorbed 0.7-0.8 bioavailability when given orally. For prolonged treatment of lupus or arthritis, adverse effects include the acute symptoms, plus altered eye pigmentation, acne, anaemia, bleaching of hair, blisters in mouth and eyes, blood disorders, convulsions, vision difficulties, diminished reflexes, emotional changes, excessive coloring of the skin, hearing loss, hives, itching, liver problems or liver failure, loss of hair, muscle paralysis, weakness or atrophy, nightmares, psoriasis, reading difficulties, tinnitus, skin inflammation and scaling, skin rash, vertigo, weight loss, and occasionally urinary incontinence. The most common adverse effects are a mild nausea and occasional stomach cramps with mild diarrhea. For short-term treatment of acute malaria, adverse effects can include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, heart problems, reduced appetite, headache, nausea and vomiting. Hydroxychloroquine pharmacokinetics PLAQUENIL HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, USP DESCRIPTION, Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an. Plaquenil costcoQuinacrine chloroquine antimalarial alkaloidWhat drug classification is plaquenilChloroquine endocytosis Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine belongs to a group of medicines called quinolines. Plaquenil is used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -. Pharmacokinetics of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of.. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is an arthritis medicine. that also can be used to prevent malaria. It is available in the United States by prescription only. It is sold under the brand name Plaquenil and it is also sold as a generic medicine. It is available in tablets of 155mg base 200mg salt. Hydroxychloroquine HCQ, sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used for the prevention and treatment of certain types of malaria. Specifically it is used for chloroquine-sensitive malaria. Other uses include treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and porphyria cutanea tarda. It is taken by mouth. Drug information on Hydroxychloroquine for health care professionals. Pharmacology. Mechanism of Action Immune modulator. Hydroxychloroquine, an alkylated 4-aminoquinoline, is a hydroxylated form of chloroquine and has a biological mechanism of action similar to chloroquine’s.